The next big thing in medical cannabis research is the use of terpenes in creating the most beneficial medical cannabis strains for specific medical conditions. The focus of growers and researchers had previously been on THC and CBD. The importance of terpenes received very little attention. That is all changing as it has become clear that terpenes play a very important role in the effectiveness of medical cannabis strains.
For those of you not familiar with terpenes, the same glands in the cannabis plant, trichomes, that produce THC and CBD, also produce terpenes. They are responsible for the distinctive flavors and odors of each strain. The aromas excreted by terpenes provide protection for the cannabis plant against predators. At the same time, they attract insects needed for pollination. It is also known that terpenes work synergistically with other cannabinoids. In the case of THC, terpenes influence how much THC enters the brain through the blood-brain barrier. They also influence the brain’s neurotransmitters. It is important to note that terpenes work in different ways; some are relaxing while others lift mood and energy levels.
This article will be showcasing one of the most common terpenes; Limonene
As you would imagine by its name, Limonene smells like lemon. But, it can also smell of tangerine and grapefruit. It is one of the most prolific terpenes. It is found in mint, juniper, rosemary, pine and cannabis. It is used in foods, drugs, cosmetics and biotechnology. It is an antidepressant, an anxiolytic (used to reduce anxiety), immunostimulant, antibacterial and an anticancer agent. It is also used for weight reduction, for the treatment of ulcers and gastric reflux, and as an antiseptic and insect repellent. In current trials, limonene is being used to treat depression and anxiety. Participants reported an increase in attention, mental focus, well-being and even libido.
Research indicates that limonene interacts positively with THC-A, CBD-A, CBC-A, CBC, CBG and other terpenes such as caryophyllene and linalool. Its ability to increase cell permeability encourages the assimilation of other beneficial substances by the body. Limonene has a very low toxicity level, so adverse side effects are rare. However, for those who may react to it, irritation of the skin and respiratory system are the known common symptoms. This would include watery eyes, vasodilation of the nose, eyes, bronchial tubes and lungs. However, limonene has been proven effective in treating bronchitis.
In ongoing cannabis cancer research, limonene has been shown to regulate the immune system. It also prevents cancer cell generation and reduces tumor size. Other properties include anti-inflammatory and anti-allergenic. A 2014 study conducted in France indicated that limonene can prevent tumors from invading surrounding healthy tissue by decreasing the generation of new blood vessels. Limonene has also been shown to heal damaged skin and regenerate cellular tissue.
Strains high in limonene:
- Super Lemon Haze – Sativa known to lift your mood
- Durban Poison – High energy, stress-relieving Sativa
- SFV OG – Hybrid that provides stress-relieving bliss
- Jack Herer – Sativa that promotes alertness as well as relaxation
- Berry White – Indica that produces well-being
Source: RoyalQueenSeeds.com Blog, Limonene: All You Need To Know About This Terpene